NIWA, 新西兰水资源、地球和大气研究所，the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, is a Crown Research Institute established in 1992. It operates as a stand-alone company with its own Board of Directors and Executive.
What is a Crown Research Institute?
Crown Research Institutes (CRIs) are Crown-owned companies established to undertake scientific research and related activities in accordance with the Crown Research Institutes Act 1992. Ownership is held equally between two shareholding Ministers appointed by the New Zealand Government and governed by a Crown-appointed Board of Directors. CRIs are subject to the Crown Entities Act 2004, the Crown Research Institutes Act 1992, and the Companies Act 1993.
Key requirements for CRIs include:
Ensure that research is undertaken for the benefit of New Zealand
Pursue excellence in all their activities
Comply with applicable ethical standards
Promote and facilitate the application of the results of research and technological developments
Be a good employer
Exhibit a sense of social responsibility
Maintain their financially viability.